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   점용접(spot welding)

What are the different types of spot welders available?
There are two kinds of spot welders on the US market today. The first type is an AC power unit with electric transformer built directly to a welding gun. The large suspended welder has an overhead boom and is liquid cooled. The second type is a DC-power unit with 7-10 ft. welding cables. The cables are connected to the welding gun. The gun can be manual or air operated to squeeze the welding tips together. Forced air is used to cool the welding cables and its pneumatic spot gun.


spot welding machine


Spot welding is a type of resistance welding used to weld various sheet metal products. Typically the sheets are in the 0.5-3.0 mm thickness range. The process uses two shaped copper alloy electrodes to concentrate welding current into a small "spot" and to simultaneously clamp the sheets together. Forcing a large current through the spot will melt the metal and form the weld. The attractive feature of spot welding is a lot of energy can be delivered to the spot in a very short time (ten to one hundred milliseconds). That permits the welding to occur without excessive heating to the rest of the sheet.
The amount of heat (energy) delivered to the spot is determined by the resistance between the electrodes and the amplitude and duration of the current. The amount of energy is chosen to match the sheet's material properties, its thickness, and type of electrodes. Applying too little energy won't melt the metal or will make a poor weld. Applying too much energy will melt too much metal and make a hole rather than a weld. Another attractive feature of spot welding is the energy delivered to the spot can be controlled to produce reliable welds.

Applications
Spot welding is typically used when welding particular types of sheet metal. Thicker stock is more difficult to spot weld because the heat flows into the surrounding metal more easily. Spot welding can be easily identified on many sheet metal goods, such as metal buckets. Aluminum alloys can also be spot welded. However, their much higher thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity mean that up to three times higher welding currents are needed. This requires larger, more powerful, and more expensive welding transformers.

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